Here, enough lawsuits have been filed for a US district court who oversees MDL’s to step in and say “Hey, let’s consolidate all of these cases into one US district court.”
Bellwether trials are real trials for a particular case type that help the plaintiff, defendant and the court gauge whether or not a specific case type has merit.
The first settlements or verdicts have been reached – by this point, there is a lot of certainty that the defendants are looking at a big financial liability.
One thing to pay attention to is the “age” of the type of case. For example, there is a lawsuit against Phillips, a CPAP manufacturer, alleging faulty design that caused injury to CPAP users’ lungs. This case type recently appeared around June 2021 and would fall under #2 above, “MDL is Created”.
For an MDL to be created, dozens if not hundreds of lawsuits with similar merits must have been filed across the US and a joint panel of US district court judges must have agreed that a consolidated MDL panel of judges is the most efficient way to try the cases.
The “younger” the case type, the longer it will take to get repaid, as a general rule. The older the case type, the quicker the repayment, but less interest would be earned again, as a general rule.